Factbox: Chinese chipmaking equipment manufacturers filling void left by U.S. export restrictions

SHANGHAI, March 6 (Reuters) – The United States is operating to increase its constraints on the export of chipmaking products to China by securing cooperation with the Netherlands and Japan, forcing Chinese chipmakers to transform to domestic suppliers this sort of as individuals listed beneath.


SMEE is China’s only producer of lithography devices employed in semiconductor manufacturing, producing it the country’s only prospective competitor to the Netherlands’ entire world-top lithography device maker ASML Holding NV (ASML.AS). Nonetheless, it continues to be properly behind ASML and Japanese friends.

It has developed devices capable of manufacturing chips at the 90 nanometre node typical, its website showed. That technological innovation was perfected around 20 yrs back and is adequate for small-conclusion chips practical for some electric power-management uses.

The organization sells the the vast majority of its lithography machines to chip packaging vegetation who use them for the substantially less difficult job of wiring chips into ultimate products and solutions, sector resources claimed.

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SMEE did not answer to a ask for for remark.

SMEE was recognized in 2002 by He Rongming, a previous vice president at Shanghai Electric powered Team Co Ltd (601727.SS). Its biggest shareholder, possessing 32{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b}, is the Belongings Supervision and Administration Fee of the State Council (SASAC), which oversees condition-owned enterprises.

NAURA Technology Group CO LTD (002731.SZ)

Founded in 2001 and listed in 2010, Naura primarily can make etching machines in levels of competition with the United States’ Applied Supplies Inc (AMAT.O) and Lam Investigation Corp (LRCX.O) as effectively as Japan’s Tokyo Electron Ltd (8035.T).

Naura’s most highly developed etching machine supports 55 nm and 28 nm chipmaking technological know-how, nicely behind the leading edge of chip producing.

The firm also helps make deposition equipment, which use chemical compounds and gases to silicon wafers throughout the chipmaking system. It creates machines that can support the 14 nm to 28 nm process nodes of its deposition devices.

Beijing Sevenstar Electronics is its major shareholder, adopted by a condition-led fund that invests in the chip sector.

State-of-the-art MICRO-FABRICATION Products INC CHINA (AMEC) (688012.SS)

AMEC tends to make etching equipment employed to eliminate excess materials from the area of silicon wafers.

Some of its machines have entered generation lines for chips as advanced as all those using 5 nm engineering, its January-June 2022 earnings report showed, producing it technologically closer than Chinese friends to competing with Lam Investigation and Utilized Resources.

Even so, AMEC’s marketplace share is dwarfed by abroad rivals. In 2021, it created 3.1 billion yuan ($444.9 million) in revenue, around 2.5{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} that of Used Products.

AMEC was launched in 2003 by Gerald Yin, a naturalised U.S. citizen. It is around 15{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} owned by China’s “Massive Fund” for chips and 15{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} owned by a engineering undertaking capital agency affiliated with the Shanghai govt.

BEIJING E-Town SEMICONDUCTOR Engineering CO LTD (Most effective)

Ideal generates degumming machines employed to remove photoresist chemical substances during the lithography system. This phase accounted for around 47{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} of its 2020 revenue, an investment decision prospectus showed.

The firm also generates etching equipment, while they account for only a solitary-digit percentage of earnings.

Most effective was founded in 2015. Its greatest shareholder is Beijing E-City Funds, a enterprise funds fund under the Beijing municipal federal government that has invested in a range of chip companies.

ACM Exploration INC (ACMR.O)

ACM designs machines to clear wafers in competitors with Lam Study, Tokyo Electron, Japan’s Display screen Holdings Co Ltd (7735.T) and South Korea’s Mujin Electronics Co Ltd (MUJIN.UL).

Most of its revenue comes from a little quantity of buyers in mainland China, particularly Huahong, SMIC and YMTC, a inventory exchange submitting confirmed. It has also bought machines to South Korea’s SK Hynix Inc (000660.KS).

ACM was established in 1998 in California by U.S. citizen David Wang and went community on the NASDAQ in 2017. Its Shanghai-based mostly subsidiary (688082.SS) went community on the STAR market in 2021.

ACM Study owns 80{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} of the Shanghai subsidiary, when China’s Significant Fund and a quantity of other govt-similar funds maintain one-digit shares the Chinese entity. The two firms have distinct boards of administrators.

Even though ACM’s headquarters are the United States, practically 90{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} of its team are primarily based in mainland China and Taiwan, and most of its exploration and improvement and sales just take spot in those people places, the corporation reported in its 2021 annual report.

($1 = 6.9684 Chinese yuan renminbi)

Reporting by Josh Horwitz Modifying by Christopher Cushing

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