Barriers to renewable energy transition for Pakistan’s textile industry

By Shahid Sattar and Noreen Akhtar

The power sector is the major GHG producer in Pakistan. It is believed that the power demand in the nation will reach 108 – 126 million tons of oil equivalent (TOE) by 2030. With the rising unsustainable administration of power demand from customers, Pakistan’s ongoing reliance on imported fossil fuels and out-of-date coal engineering has affected the country’s strength protection and its compliance with the global requirements on electricity efficiency and decarbonization. Nonetheless, the government’s recent tilt to improving the country’s capacity for renewable power (RE) use presents a major legislative and coverage advancement.

The up-to-date National Local climate Modify Coverage, 2021 places a major emphasis on acquiring local weather change mitigation targets by way of energy effectiveness and cutting down carbon emissions. It aims to find technological breakthroughs to harness the country’s possible for renewable electricity and declares that 60{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} of all strength generated in the nation by 2030 will be cleanse as a result of renewable methods and Pakistan will no longer pursue imported coal power vegetation. Even further, Pakistan’s updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), 2021 support government’s power-associated coverage interventions and have identified integration of renewable electricity resources in all significant sectors a higher-priority region. The up to date Renewable Power Plan 2019 focuses a lot more on inexperienced power and aims to decrease GHG emissions utilizing Kyoto Protocol.

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Knowing the issue improved

Pakistan has tremendous opportunity to fulfill its increasing electricity need from renewables together with photo voltaic, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass, as these resources are considerably obtainable in the country. Solar, for instance, is the most interesting alternate electricity remedy which has been given appreciable consideration a short while ago. Pakistan’s southwest area gets the highest irradiation. “The once-a-year global horizontal irradiance in the Himalayas and Karakorum is 2300 kWh/m2, which is the best of any other region on Earth”. Wind energy sources have the opportunity to crank out 43,000 MW of electrical power.

Also, the Worldwide Renewable Strength Company (IRENA) estimates that Pakistan’s hydropower sector has a potential of 60GW and it stays the lowest priced resource of electrical power in the nation. Biomass is believed to crank out 50,000 Gwh/ year in the region. Lastly, geothermal electrical power methods are present in all the provinces, which can be made use of for ability generation, heating and cooling of buildings and offer of very hot drinking water.

If Pakistan delivers into perform this untapped potential in all the main sectors by employing exemplary policy reforms in spirit and increasing RE, a substantial decoupling of expansion from conventional electricity means this sort of as fossil fuels can add to the present efforts on local weather resilience. RE expansion will make electrical energy cheaper, and increase vitality stability and Pakistan can help save up to $5 billion more than the upcoming 20 many years, as per Globe Bank’s report.

Pakistan’s textile industry is a single major sector that can benefit massively from the out there RE sources in the place whilst supplying eco-pleasant energy.

RE and Textile sector

The textile industry’s producing processes are power intensive. 10{1668a97e7bfe6d80c144078b89af180f360665b4ea188e6054b2f93f7302966b} of world wide GHG emissions are accounted for by clothes and footwear creation. Uncooked substance manufacturing, harvesting, dyeing, and dumping of used textiles, are all main ways included in textile producing and their discarding emit GHGs into the atmosphere. For Pakistan’s textile field, transitioning to RE solutions is not only expense and useful resource powerful but also boosts the sector’s in general compliance with the global requirements on strength effectiveness and industrial decarbonization, these kinds of as those imposed by the European Green Deal. The government’s help, the escalating renewable power industry and technological improvement are amongst the already existing opportunities for the business to expand its company by way of renewables.

The federal government of Pakistan has supported RE progress and encourages non-public sector involvement in assignments related to carbon emissions reduction. The textile market can come to be a leader in this if it prudently options the correct financial allocations to set up independent sustainable electrification. Also, RE systems are becoming fairly inexpensive options for powering the sector that can increase the price tag-effectiveness of the production procedures.

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The industry’s present-day development on offsetting emissions implies that it has proven a promising determination to reaching web zero by adopting a eco-friendly supply chain philosophy. The Internet Zero Pakistan initiative, for instance, is Pakistan’s greatest internet zero coalition and is the only 2nd place-broad program, underneath World wide Race to Zero, just after Japan. It is a collaborative exertion between non-govt businesses, leading textile businesses, public establishments and sector authorities.

The textile organizations, in this coalition, commit to set science-centered internet zero targets, measure and disclose their GHG emissions, decarbonize their benefit chains and advocate for weather motion. Maintaining in check out the extrinsic strain and internal requirements for energy performance, the initiative need to facilitate carbonization by raising the renewable energy blend and incorporating electrical power-conserving systems.

Main textile businesses are supporting local weather motion by way of cleanse electrical power initiatives like solarisation projects and technological know-how installation these as waste warmth restoration boilers and converting boilers to biomass-dependent fuels. Intercontinental certifications in energy conservation this sort of as LEED are acquired and water stewardship via sustainable bleaching approaches, zero wastewater discharge and recycling is accomplished. A overall performance comparison of a single of the corporations ‘Sarena Textile Industries’ is given in figure 1.

The assessment of the existing circumstance of industrial electricity effectiveness reveals that the share of alternate vitality sources this sort of as renewable electricity and biomass in the sector is constrained. Technology this sort of as motors and boilers are inefficient and impressive concepts to save vitality are exercised inadequately. So, the significant decarbonization and energy conservation pathway for the industry is to changeover to renewable power systems including solar PV, concentrated photo voltaic thermal collectors and wind turbines. Circular financial system possibilities such as recovery, recycling and re-use need to be compounded by rethinking approach enhancement options and progressive technologies by using the correct money allocations and study breakthroughs.


The marketplace can obtain Renewable Vitality Certification (REC) on adoption of the RE technology. RECs are issued when a single megawatt-hour (MWh) of energy is created and shipped to the electric power grid from a renewable electricity resource. Pakistan has been accepted for Worldwide-REC (I-REC) for electric power issuance. The I-REC for electrical energy issuers in Pakistan is the Pakistan Natural environment Have confidence in (PET). RECs are tradable units and can be sold by exchanges or bilateral trades and can be a major source of added earnings era.

Legislative difficulties and the way ahead

The field is at present enduring a variety of boundaries obstructing its changeover to RE sources, that need an quick response from the authorities.

The limit of the existing net-metering scheme for solar ability units of the business is 1MW, which requirements to be prolonged to 5MW –“especially when the demand of the large-scale production industry is involving 1.5 to 5MW. This enhance has the likely to increase 5000MW of solar strength at no upfront investment from the GoP to the power combine of the state. Also, this will permit the EOUs to turn out to be aggressive in the international sector (with reduce electrical power expenditures) and enhance the share of renewables in the whole energy blend as committed in the current NDCs 2021.”

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Even more, the authorities has planned to launch solarisation tasks of around 14000MW which will not only “reduce the import bill of high priced fuel but also help deliver minimal-expense and atmosphere-helpful electricity.” These solar programs will be delivered at lessened price ranges and will be supplied tax incentives. On the other hand, in purchase to aid the sector to greatly enhance its electricity performance in a sustainable and impartial method, it really should be permitted to set up its individual solar ability structures with the extension of a net-metering scheme for solar from 1MW to 5MW.

The wheeling situation implies that Pakistan desires to move in the direction of cost-free industry designs with various consumers and sellers to revive the electrical power sector but also, to make it transparent. The wheeling regulations will have to integrate wheeling of renewable electricity and the linked wheeling value have to be minimized for any industrial off-web site set up of renewable power infrastructure.

These legislative burdens coupled with the withdrawal of regionally aggressive electrical power tariffs are pushing the marketplace into a zone of financial dismay the place it is running at much less ability utilization thanks to doing the job cash concerns, shedding competitiveness in the intercontinental sector and uncooked content troubles. This will cause prolonged-long lasting hurt to the industry’s existing compliance and sustainability attempts and adoption of RE know-how, as the current emphasis has shifted towards an additional working day of survival by mitigating the impacts of the withdrawal of power tariffs.

In summary, the Governing administration of Pakistan ought to tackle the present limitations of the internet-metering scheme for solar, and wheeling costs and go on offering regionally competitive electricity tariffs for the business to regain sustainability development and transition to RE. This will support the business in making use of the country’s current RE opportunity to the most, decrease reliance on fossil fuels and enhance competitiveness in the world-wide export current market. Otherwise, the government’s recent NCCP and NDCs that put intense focus on RE will be limited to paper without implementation in spirit.


Mr. Shahid Sattar, now Government Director & Secretary Typical of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA), has beforehand served as a Member Preparing Commission of Pakistan and an advisor to the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Petroleum, and Ministry of Water & Electrical power.

Noreen Akhtar is a study analyst at APTMA. 

The views expressed by the writers do not always characterize World-wide Village Space’s editorial policy.

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